The rattan industry always has profitable results. The market demand comes continuously to make the rattan industry alive. Rattan is considered to have more value than other wood products. This makes rattan has a high economic value. Most of the need for rattan comes from developed countries like America, Japan and Europe.
Indonesia is the largest rattan producing country in the world. Almost 80% of the world’s need for rattan exported from Indonesia. This makes Indonesia able to export both finished and raw rattan products. Until now, most of the rattan products are still obtained from natural forests or without cultivation. This should be watched out for if one day the amount of rattan will be run-out in the wild.
Currently in Indonesia there are only a few who develop rattan cultivation. In fact, rattan cultivation is quite easy and does not require difficult maintenance. To start planting rattan can use rattan seeds or through saplings (stem buds). Rattan seeds used come from old rattan fruits.
Before planting rattan seeds, there are several processes that must be carried out. First, separate the seeds with pulp by pounding them. The fruit is pounded slowly with a heavy pounder and make sure to not break the seeds. Furthermore, the seeds that have been separated are fermented for 1 day. After that, wash the rattan seeds with running water. When washing rattan seeds, crush the rattan seeds with the feet using boots.
Rattan cultivation can utilize old rubber plantations. Rattan plants are plants that live spread in other plants to find out sunlight. This is because rattan plants have thin stems. There are many thorns on the stems of rattan plants. The function of thorns to make it easy for rattan plants to stick to other plants.
Harvesting the results of rattan does not require a difficult process just because the stems have tight spines. To harvest the results of rattan, the first thing to do is find for the shoots of plants. Then prune and peel the tops of the rattan plants. After finding the edge of the rattan, pull all the rattan sticks together and roll it. This will make the rattan sticks clear of sharp thorns.